Guy Maréchal continued the Linked Data theme by talking in more detail about how flat data models can be semantically enriched. He pointed out that if you have good structured catalogue records, it takes very little effort to give concepts URIs and to export this data as sets of relationships. This turns your database into a graph, ready for semantic search and querying.
He argued that “going to semantics cannot be avoided” and that “born digital” works will increasingly be created with semantically modelled metadata.
From Mass Digitisation to Mass Content Enrichment
The next talk was a description of the SONUMA digitisation and metadata enhancement project. Sonuma and Memnon Archiving Services have been working on inventories and dictionaries to help them index audio visual assets. They have been converting speech to text, holding the text as XML files, and then associating sections of the XML with the appropriate point in the AV content, so that it can be searched.
They identify breaks in programmes by looking for the time stamps using OCR techniques, and then looking for jumps in the numerical sequences. They assume that jumps in the numbers are breaks in programmes. This enables them to break up long tapes into sections, which usually correspond to programmes.
Social networking and Knowledge Management
Tom Adami described Knowledge Management projects at the United Nations Mission in Sudan (Best Practice Lessons Learnt: How the Exit Interview and Oral History Project at UNMIS is building a knowledge database). The UN in Africa faces problems of high staff turnover, remote locations, and difficulties in maintaining infrastructure. However, they have been using social networking to encourage people to share their knowledge and experience in a user-friendly way and so add to the official knowledge base.
Archive as a social media lab: Creative dissemination of digital sound and audiovisual collections
Budhaditya Chattopadhyay talked about a project to bring together archival practice, artistic practice, and social media. He also referred to the problems of preserving social media which is in essence ephemeral but may be an integral part of an artwork.